2006 BMW R1200 GS
In 1980, BMW Motorrad created a new genre when it launched the first large capacity, twin-cylinder enduro machine. Since then, BMW has gradually expanded, refined and evolved its popular GS model into the definitive dual-purpose, road and enduro machine. Succeeding the highly successful R1150 GS model, the latest incarnation is the all-new R1200 GS. With its launch, BMW has once again redefined the industry's benchmark for high performance, versatile, on and off-road enduro machines.
The new machine is not simply a development; it bristles with new and advanced technology. The result is another step forward in the GS concept. This is emphasised by an improved versatility and enhanced performance in each and all its roles. The R1200 GS is an all purpose, dynamic and agile motorcycle that will take you to the edge of the world. a machine that will embarrass most sports bikes on winding uneven tarmac roads, a bike that will change everyone's concept of big "trailies". a bike that will tackle anything from commuting to track days and desert rallies. a bike that - more than ever - will appeal to non-BMW riders.
Today, the BMW R1200 GS is currently the UK's fourth most popular choice of motorcycle overall and heads its own Adventure Sport Category by some distance, where it is selling three times as many as its nearest rival.The R1200 GS is priced from £8,955 on the road. All initial production models will be fitted as standard with ABS (£795), hand guards and pannier fastenings. This specification has been rationalised in order to maximise initial production volume due to high global demand. A non-ABS version is also available.
Here is a short summary of the key features of the new BMW R1200 GS;
New dimensions in dynamics, agility, riding pleasure and safety.
Excellent and enhanced off-road qualities, plus on-road features to an even higher level.
A reduction of 30kg (66 lbs) in weight has been achieved by incorporating intelligent lightweight construction and the use of high-strength materials.
A new 1200cc flat-twin power unit, with balance shaft, that delivers supreme smoothness.
Torque and output are increased by almost 18 per cent.
Fuel consumption has been reduced by eight per cent.
Highly advanced, newly developed engine electronics and the latest emission technology provide optimum environmental compatibility.
A quieter exhaust system but with a more throaty sound.
A new, six-speed gearbox with superior operation, excellent running smoothness and easier gear shifting.
A newly developed lightweight Paralever with weight-optimised driveshaft.
A new and lighter Telelever for even greater precision in front wheel guidance.
Extra-rigid running gear for supreme riding safety, outstanding directional stability (up to top speed), superior handling and unprecedented line-holding through bends.
Ultra-strong, cast light-alloy wheels (cross-spoke versions are available as an option).
The latest electronic technology ensures fewer cables and less weight.
Electronic immobiliser fitted as standard.
Comprehensive after-sales backup features a wide range of equipment and tailor-made accessories - all to BMW's traditional high standard.
More agility, power and reduced weight provide maximum riding pleasure on and off the road
The new BMW R1200 GS fulfils the original dream of the perfect touring enduro by delivering outstanding performance and excellent comfort even during the longest ride. The dynamic handling and agility provide maximum riding pleasure on back roads, mountain passes and winding country roads. With a dry weight of 199kg, the BMW R1200 GS is unique in its class and capable of tackling even the toughest rides on the roughest terrain.
The R1200 GS maintains all the traditional features characteristic of BMW motorcycles: first class and extra-safe running gear; unique front wheel Telelever; and the newly designed, weight-reduced and geometry-optimised rear Paralever.
High-performance brakes of the highest calibre together with BMW's unique Motorcycle Integral ABS guarantee supreme safety even in a critical situ-a-tion. Superior environmental compatibility is ensured by a fully con-trolled three-way catalytic converter with the most advanced emission management technology - a feature on all BMW motorcycles for years.
Equipped with dual ignition, new Digital Motor Electronics (featuring integrated knock control) and improved catalytic converters with separate oxygen sensors for each cylinder, the R1200 GS advances BMW's class leadership in the large capacity enduro segment to an even higher standard.
A traditional feature, often taken for granted, is the maintenance-free driveshaft - which avoids the need for unpleasant and time-consuming servicing, particularly on long trips. A sophisticated new luggage system and a wide range of accessories - available straight from the factory and tailored to the R1200 GS - also prove that the new GS is continuing in the tradition of large-capacity BMW touring enduros.
A new engine - even more powerful, smoother and cleaner;
The new power unit is a completely new development with fully revised and improved components. Optimisation of engine geometry and the application of the most advanced simulation methods serve to reduce the weight of the engine by 3kg, or eight per cent, despite the larger capacity and wider range of functions. To date, this is the biggest engine ever seen in an enduro. The increase in cubic capacity to 1,200 cc provides a greater output of 100 hp and muscular torque across a wider than ever speed range. The result is superior power useability under all conditions and in all situations - a great advantage on difficult off-road terrain - with power and torque constantly available regardless of engine speed, gear selection, or the conditions facing the rider.
Crankdrive and engine block - 1,200 cc and a balance shaft to eliminate vibrations;
The most important innovation on the basic engine block is the balance shaft, which is designed to eliminate unpleasant vibrations. Despite a superior design principle - opposing cylinders provide "perfect" balance of free mass forces (connecting rods and pistons moving to and fro) - conventional flat-twin engines cannot run entirely without vibrations. The inevitable displacement of the cylinders always generates "circulating" mass (forces not acting on the same level) causing unpleasant vibration, which is felt through the handlebar, footrests and seat. The severity of these mass forces, and vibrations, increases as a function of engine size and, in particular, engine speed.
This is why the engine of the R1200 GS is the first power unit in the history of the Boxer engine to feature a balance shaft: Running in the opposite direction, the shaft carries two balance weights 180 degrees apart and exactly spaced to provide a counter-force which, superimposed on the mass forces in the crankshaft, reduce vibrations to an absolute minimum. This keeps running conditions smooth and comfortable through the entire engine speed range. Vibrations are dampened at low engine speeds (in particular) without the flat-twin losing its bullish character.
The balance shaft saves space through its intelligent and elegant concept: running on anti-friction bearings, the shaft is positioned within the countershaft and is driven by a spur gear from the crankshaft (1:1 transmission ratio). The rear balance weight is outside the oil cavity and bolted onto the shaft - extending completely from one end to the other. The front balance weight, in turn, is integrated in the drive sprocket.
As with the former engine, the countershaft serves to drive the oil pumps and carries the sprockets driving the camshaft. The transmission ratio of the countershaft versus the crankshaft is therefore 2:1 - the countershaft being driven by a roller chain.
The crankshaft is also a new design - it is now even more compact to ensure extra stiffness and the cranks themselves are even closer together (a modification made possible, inter alia, by the narrower counterweights). Despite the increase in lift from 70.5mm or 2.78 in to 73mm or 2.8 in, this change in design helps to reduce weight by 1kg, or approximately nine per cent. To give the crankdrive the balance effect required, some of the counter-masses have been moved to the flywheel and the drive gear on the balance shaft.
As before, the flywheel holds the single-plate dry clutch enlarged in diameter from 165 to 180 millimetres (6.50-7.09in). The clutch lining is free of asbestos and heavy metals; the pressure plate, membrane spring and gear plate are balanced individually to allow easy and convenient assembly without any negative effect on smooth running. The structure of the pistons has been only slightly modified, versus the previous engine, the new power unit featuring lightweight box-type pistons with three rings which, weighing just 410 grams, are once again lighter than the former pistons (420 grams).
The crankcase is much lighter than before. Use of the most advanced computer technology together with innovative casting methods optimises wall thickness as well as the stiffness and strength of the crankcase. This has resulted in a weight saving of 1.4kg.
Well-conceived and effective solutions are also to be found in - seemingly insignificant - details such as the crank cavity air purge. To minimise undesirable pressure pulses within the cavity, with air pressure going up and down as a result of piston motion, a valve complete with membrane openings, opens and closes the air purge outlet automatically as a function of pressure conditions in the crank cavity. At the same time providing a large air-purge cross-section whenever required. This serves to reduce pressure fluctuations and air flow in the crankcase to a minimum, with an advantageous effect on engine output, internal efficiency (reduction of ventilation loss), oil foaming, and oil consumption - particularly at high speeds.
Modified cylinder heads;
Maintaining a basic design and configuration, the cylinder heads have also been modified. From the outside they are recognisable by different contours with striking cornered valve covers.
The principle of chain-driven camshafts below the valve plane, and the operation of valves by means of tappets and rocker arms, has been maintained. Although it is not necessarily designed and laid out for high speeds, the concept has confirmed its qualities and reliability even under tough racing conditions in the BMW Motorrad BoxerCup. The big advantages of arranging the camshafts in this way are the economic use of space available (cylinder head width) and ease of maintenance, so important in everyday use and on long journeys.
Valve diameter has increased by 2mm (0.79in): intake 36.35mm (1.43in), and outlet 31mm (1.22in) versus the former model's 34mm and 29mm respectively. To ensure better and more efficient dissipation of heat the outlet valves are filled with sodium. Valve duct design has been modified to match the larger valve diameters and the duct contours have been improved for dynamic flow conditions. In conjunction with the increase in engine capacity, these modifications contribute to an 18 per cent increase in engine output to 74kW (100 hp) and torque to 115Nm (85 lb-ft). The end result is that the weight of the cylinder heads has been reduced by 15 per cent.
Internal oil cooling of the cylinder heads - already featured on the former engine - has been adjusted to the higher level of output and torque by improving flow conditions and avoiding any kind of throttle effect. Oil cooling improves the dissipation of heat from the valve rim and ensures a more consistent distribution of temperature within the cylinder head. All this contributes to the engine's robust thermal stability and helps to ensure the high standard of reliability so typical of a BMW.
New engine management featuring two oxygen sensors, modified dual ignition and knock control;
The new R1200 GS increases the lead BMW Motorrad has in the area of electronic engine management. The Digital Motor Electronics, codenamed BMS-K (BMW Engine Management System), is an in-house development tailored specifically to the requirements of a motorcycle. Specific features include fully sequential fuel injection, integrated knock control, faster processing of complex sensor signals by means of the most advanced microelectronics, compact layout and low weight.
The principle of indirect air volume monitoring and control by means of the throttle butterfly angle and engine speed (alpha-n control) as on BMW's existing motorcycles, has been further enhanced on the R1200 GS, creating a concept referred to as torque-based engine management.
The basic parameters that determine the optimum engine operation point are still engine speed and throttle butterfly angle (monitored by a separate potentiometer on each cylinder). Applying additional engine and ambient parameters (engine temperature, air temperature, and air pressure), engine management, together with control maps and correction functions (within the system) tailor the injection volume and ignition timing exactly to engine's current requirements. Taking many factors into account, the system is able to control torque with supreme accuracy, adjusting the engine operating conditions perfectly in all relevant parameters.
Fuel is injected into the intake duct exactly as required and exactly on time for the intake cycle of the respective cylinder (fully sequential fuel injection). With one oxygen sensor being allocated to each cylinder, fuel/air composition is controlled individually in each cylinder according to current requirements. Both oxygen sensors are arranged close to the engine in the respective exhaust manifold, thus ensuring individual and even more precise emission management.
Whenever necessary, the fuel/air mixture can be adjusted much faster than before and with individual control and adjustment of each cylinder.
The positive results of this process are exemplary emission management, greater fuel economy, improved riding conditions, and an even better response to the rider's commands.
BMS-K also incorporates all the functions of automatic idle-speed control as well as cold start enrichment with warm-up control. An appropriate increase in idle speed while warming up is ensured automatically by so-called "idle-speed steppers" (controlled bypass ducts for additional air) integrated in the throttle butterfly manifolds, together with a corresponding adjustment of the fuel injected.
Featured in all BMW Boxers since 2003 (with the exception of the 850cc power units), dual ignition has been further modified and improved on the R1200 GS. The auxiliary spark plug is now arranged at the outer edge of the cylinder, the ignition timing of both plugs being freely programmable as a function of load and engine speed in order to further optimise running smoothness, emission management, and fuel economy. Referred to as "phase shift", this adjustment process is maintained consistently all the way from part load to full load.
In practice, this means different ignition timing points on both spark plugs in defined control map areas. When approaching full load, where dual ignition no longer provides any benefits, the phase shift effect is so large that the spark crosses over on the auxiliary plug in the expansion cycle (60 degrees at TDC). For all practical purposes this corresponds to single ignition on the central spark plug under full load.
The BMW R1200 GS introduces a new system of knock control, never before used in a motorcycle engine. Knock combustion is recognised by a solid-body sound sensor matched specifically to the cylinders. Receiving appropriate signals, the electronic engine manage-ment will recover the ignition angle (i.e., it retards the angle) and protect the engine from possible damage. Engine temperatures are also taken into account in evaluating the signals and help to supplement the safety function.
Benefiting from knock control, the combustion ratio of the engine has been increased to 11:1 - a remarkable figure for an air/oil-cooled engine with such large cylinders. Fuel consumption also benefits - the R1200 GS is almost eight per cent more fuel efficient than its predecessor.
Designed for unleaded fuel (RON 95) the engine, thanks to knock control, can also run on lesser fuel qualities (RON 91) sometimes found in other countries, without requiring any kind of manual intervention or adjustment. Within available limits, knock control adjusts the ignition angle automatically to the fuel on which the engine is running.
Interacting with a wide range of sensors, knock control adjusts to even the most extreme conditions and requirements - for example, when the engine has to withstand extremely high temperatures and thermal exposure in desert areas. To provide this reliability, the electronic engine management adjusts engine-operating parameters to ensure supreme reliability under all conceivable operating conditions.
Intake manifold - larger volume for an optimum cylinder charge;
Numerous examinations of the entire cylinder charge process, taking the intake manifold into account, were required in order to achieve an optimum charge cycle over a wide range of engine speeds. By increasing the capacity of the airbox to almost nine litres, BMW engineers extracted the maximum from the geometric conditions dictated by the machine (and the specific position of the manifold) and by taking all ergonomic requirements into account.
To filter the intake air, the R1200 GS uses the paper filter system already effective on the R1150 GS. In designing and configuring the shape of the intake funnel, the engineers succeeded in creating a perfect harmony of flow conditions and acoustic requirements (level of intake noise).
Exhaust system - sound engineering for low noise and flat-twin rumble;
The exhaust system comprises of two manifolds, a pre-silencer with catalytic converter, and a tailpipe muffler. The entire system, as far as the pre-silencer fitted beneath the gearbox, is a twin-chamber configuration made of stainless steel. Weighing exactly 10.7kg or 23.6 lbs overall, the emission system is approximately 33 per cent lighter than on the former model.
Flowing through two, single manifolds exhaust gases merge in a Y-shaped unit combining the two flow processes before continuing straight into the pre-silencer that houses the central catalytic converter. An interference tube close to the engine (between the two manifolds) provides an appropriate balance of pressure and helps boost engine torque at low and medium speeds. With cell density of 200 cell units/square inch, the metal-based catalytic converter comes with a rhodium/palladium coating combining high temperature resistance with a long service life.
By introducing a new tailpipe muffler, BMW Motorrad has succeeded in creating an ideal mix of smooth torque, low noise and pleasant sound. The interior structure of the muffler is based on the reflection principle - an inner sleeve with absorption material to dampen high frequencies.
The muffler is oval in shape to minimise the transmission of noise for even smoother and more pleasant riding conditions. A special feature is the pressure-controlled valve integrated in the muffler which controls exhaust gas counter-pressure for an additional reduction of noise under the engine's primary running conditions at medium to low engine speeds. This keeps engine noise at a lower level, but at the same time allows the rider to hear that famous flat-twin rumble that everyone appreciates so much.
Alternator and starter are lighter;
Apart from the engine's mechanical components, the electrical ancillary units also help to keep weight to a minimum. The R1200 GS features a newly developed, lightweight alternator with a maximum power of 600W. The layshaft starter has also been optimised for lower weight and - just like the battery - is absolutely free of maintenance requirements. In all, the total weight saving on the electronic components is 2.2kg or 4.9 lbs - a 17 per cent improvement.
New six-speed manual gearbox with helical gears;
The R1200 GS retains the proven principle of separating the gearbox from the engine. The six-speed manual gearbox is a newly developed unit with features significantly improved over the previous version. Weight has been reduced to approximately 13kg or 28.7 lbs and for the first time BMW is using high-strength helical gears with smoother and more gentle gear selection thereby ensuring low noise and a high standard of refinement.
All gear increments are designed for active riding. This means that sixth gear is not an overdrive, or economy gear, but has an appro-priate "short" transmission ratio.
The gear shafts run on anti-friction ball bearings and the gears in low-friction needle bearings. The ball bearings come in clean bearing mounts to keep out even the finest particles. This allows longer maintenance intervals and reduces servicing costs - only one gearbox oil change is required every 40,000km or 25,000 miles.
The gears are shifted by means of a shift roller, shift forks and shift sleeves (as opposed to shift gears) to ensure smooth positive engagement of the gears. Made from aluminium, the hollow shift roller runs on ball bearings. Detailed improvements to optimise friction on the shift box, the shift shaft and forks improves gearshift operation and guarantees accurate, safe engagement on all gears.
Lightweight driveshaft and Paralever swinging arm - an innovative variation on tradition;
An indispensable feature of the new R1200 GS (as on all BMW Boxers) is the maintenance-free driveshaft extending to the rear wheel. Over the years, BMW has consistently improved the driveshaft principle, meeting new requirements and demands in the process.
The biggest innovation came in 1988 with the introduction of the Paralever swinging arm on the most powerful enduro at the time, the BMW R100 GS. Using an additional pivot between the final drive and the swinging arm, BMW's engineers were able to disconnect the unavoidable reaction of the driveshaft from the swinging arm, thus eliminating the often-criticised torque reaction effect, where the rear end moved up and down when accelerating or braking.
A further advantage provided by the Paralever is that the springs do not harden when accelerating flat-out, providing a significant improvement in traction - an important feature when riding up steep gradients on rough terrain.
Considering the significant benefits of a driveshaft, the higher weight and increase in unsprung masses are immaterial (versus chain drive).
While in the process of developing the R1200 GS, BMW's engineers were not satisfied until even this feature (more noticeable when an enduro is used off-road) had ultimately been properly improved.
Accord-ingly, the entire transmission system of the new R1200 GS has been redesigned - right through to the rear wheel. The result is a drivetrain that, together with the much stiffer Paralever swinging arm, reduces weight by approximately 10 per cent. Unsprung masses are lower and provide an even more sensitive response on the rear wheel suspension.
The main components of this new system are the axle drive and the swing-ing arm itself. Made of an ultra-strong cast aluminium alloy, the Paralever swinging arm is even lighter than before but also stiffer and stronger.
The geometric configuration of the entire swinging arm has also been modified, and dive compensation is now almost 100 per cent. With forces acting on the final drive housing supported above the swinging arm, ground clearance at this point is greater than before, efficiently protecting the swinging arm (even on rough terrain) against damage caused by rocks and similar objects.
The swinging arm is a two-piece forged aluminium unit. Another new feature is the re-configuration of the swinging arm mount, which has been moved from the final drive to the rear frame - again in the interest of extra strength under the most extreme off-road conditions.
The pivot point of the axle drive unit resting in the swinging arm has been moved down to provide a more favourable geometric arrangement which also incorporates great-er stiffness. The bearing point, in turn, has been reinforced to match the higher load and forces from the more powerful engine.
With its improved kinematics, the driveshaft no longer changes in length as a result of geometric conditions. This also helps to save weight, since the length adjustment unit formerly fitted is no longer required. The shaft itself now comes as one single piece and - like before - runs without oil in the shaft sleeve.
The final drive housing is matched in size and dimensions precisely to the inner contours of the angle transmission, avoiding even the slightest waste of space.
The crown wheel is also lighter than before; the wheel flange is now made of aluminium to save weight. With its larger diameter, the flange offers the wheel better support, with additional weight saving for the rear wheel (around the hub).
The outer sign of distinction and a visual highlight of this extremely compact and elegant lightweight structure is the 50mm hole drilled through the axle pipe of the final drive housing. The final drive itself comes with lifetime oil filling and this means that there is no need to change the final drive fluid through--out the entire life of the motorcycle. In re-configuring the design principles of the machine, assembly of the final drive has been simplified and further refinements introduced. The hollow axle sleeve helps dissipate heat from the final drive because of its greater surface area and efficient flow effects. Signals for the ABS brake system and the speedometer are read by a sensor directly in front of segment pieces on the crown wheel - making the outer emitter wheel, used on the former model, superfluous.
The increase in diameter of the drill holes on the wheel flange mean that five light wheel bolts, measuring 10 mm in diameter and with longer expansion length, are used instead of the former relatively heavy wheel bolts with a cone. This means even greater safety when bolting on the wheels and allows use of a smaller wheel bolt wrench (less weight in the toolkit).
New running gear - stiff, higher strength steel tube frame;
The R1200 GS retains the basic configuration of all Boxer suspension concepts - the engine/transmission unit serves as a load-bearing element and the wheel guidance components are bolted to the frame. The Telelever longitudinal arm pivots on the engine housing, as before. The actual frame of the R1200 GS employs the front subframe, which supports the Telelever at the top, and the rear frame with integrated swinging arm mount.
The engine/gearbox unit is bolted to the rear frame at four points and onto the front frame at two points. This composite structure, incorporating the drive unit, forms the motorcycle's load-bearing framework.
The two frame elements of the R1200 GS are lightweight structures in what is called "truss" design: The front frame is a triangular structure made of high-strength steel tubes welded together. It offers the great advantage of highly robust support on off-road terrain, plus greater stiffness over the previous cast aluminium front frame. The weight is unchanged.
The rear subframe is also made of straight steel tubes welded together, creating an overall low weight configuration of maximum stiffness and strength. New features are the special mounts for the side-stand and main stand and the rider's footrests, which are connected directly to the rear subframe. The side-stand folds easily and conveniently even when the rider is on the machine.
Refined Telelever ensures even greater rigidity;
To date, no other system of front wheel guidance and support is able to match the functions and qualities of the BMW Telelever (intro-duced in 1993 on the four-valve Boxers). The revolutionary principle of the Telelever using a wishbone to relieve the telescopic arm of longitudinal and lateral forces ensures unprecedented, highly sensitive front-wheel response on all road surfaces, and a tracking stability never before seen. The big advantages of this design concept are supreme riding preci-sion and accurate response, combined with excellent suspension com-fort and anti-dive control.
Refinement and modification of the front wheel geometry has further im-proved the Telelever on the R1200 GS. The longitudinal arm is a new, extra-strong and light, forged aluminium component. In the interest of superior handling, front wheel camber has been reduced by 5mm (0.20 into 110mm (4.33in), the steering head angle remains at 62.9 degrees in standard position. A change in front wheel kinematics eliminates brake dive to an insignificant residual effect and is designed to give the rider more detectable feedback. The superior stiff-ness of the Telelever has been further enhanced by increasing the diameter of the support tube from 35mm (1.38in´) to 41mm (1.61in´) and further contributes to the crisp and clear riding characteristics of the R1200 GS.
An important detail is the holes drilled into the lower fork bridge. These efficiently distribute brake pressure to the steel flex, brake hoses, for the right and left brake callipers, without the need for an additional distributor unit.
Featuring fully encapsulated ball joints, with permanent lubrication and lifetime oil filling, the entire Telelever is completely maintenance-free.
Suspension with adjustable spring base and rear TDD spring strut;
To optimise riding qualities when off the beaten track, the spring base of the front gas-pressure spring strut is mechanically adjustable to nine different positions in order to provide extra reserves under extreme off-road conditions. Spring travel at the front is 190mm (7.48in) with a 68 mm (2.68in) to 122mm (4.80in) ratio in the basic setting between the outward and rebound mode.
Real-wheel suspension incorporates a high-tech, gas-pressure spring strut with travel-related damping (TDD) and infinite hydraulic adjustment of the spring base by means of a hand-wheel. The damping effect in the outward mode is manually adjustable.
The travel-related damping principle was introduced by BMW Motorrad for the first time in 2002 on the R1150 GS Adventure, providing a progress-ive damping effect as a function of spring travel. The machine therefore responds smoothly and comfortably to even the smallest bumps on the road. Spring travel at the rear is 200mm (7.87in) with positive (inward stroke) versus negative (rebound). This is an increase on the basic setting, over the former model, to a new ratio of 135mm (5.31in´) to 65mm (2.56in´).
Wheels and tyres - a choice of cast or cross-spoke wheels;
The lucky owner of a new R1200 GS has the choice of either high-strength light-alloy cast wheels or BMW's well-known cross-spoke wheels. These measure 2.50x19in at the front and 4.00x17in at the rear and run on 110/80-19in and 150/70-17in tyres respectively.
Developed especially for the R1200 GS, the light-alloy cast wheels with five double spokes are stable and light. And while, at 0.1kg, the reduction in weight at the front (versus the spoked wheel) is virtually negligible, weight reduction at the rear is a significant 1.6kg - down by 12 per cent. The big advantage of cast wheels is that they retain excellent running smoothness and circular geometry during a long running life and are easier to clean. This means they are particularly suitable when riding on roads and untarred tracks.
However, because of a special design and configuration, the cast wheels on the R1200 GS, are also suited to moderate off-road conditions. Gravel tracks, nature trails and the usual off-road tracks found all over the world do not pose a problem to cast wheels as long as the rider maintains a moderate style of riding and observes the elementary rules. In prac-tice, cast wheels reach their limit only when exposed to very substantial loads over a long period - for example, on extreme tracks, at high off-road speeds, and when jumping on rough terrain and experiencing violent bumps and jolts.
An ambitious off-road rider riding a R1200 GS, mainly off the beaten track and mastering rough terrain at high speed should opt for BMW's proven cross-spoke wheels. These are also a good alter-na-tive for the rider not keen on cast wheels. As before, the par-ticular arrangement of the cross-spokes allows the use of tubeless tyres. The spokes can also be individually replaced.
Brakes - high-performance EVO brake and Integral ABS;
The R1200 GS is fitted with BMW's well-known EVO brake system for maximum stopping power with minimal pressure. Brake disc diameter is 305mm (12in) at the front and 265mm (10.43in) at the rear.
The R1200 GS comes as standard with BMW Inte-gral ABS. With on-demand deactivation when riding off-road, Integral ABS also features a semi-integral function where the hand lever activates both brakes at the front and rear. In conventional mode, the foot-brake lever acts only on the rear wheel brake allowing precise application of the rear brake (only) under specific conditions such as tight bends and rough terrain.
The steel-clad brake lines not only look good but offer a slight decrease in weight while ensuring an even more stable pressure point.
Innovative BMW motorcycle Single-Wire System (SWS);
Another special feature of the R1200 GS is the new electrical system. The term Single-Wire System describes a highly innovative on-board network using electronics and CAN-bus technology (Controller Area Network) to offer functions and features never before seen. Reducing the number and length of cables required, this network offers a much wider range of functions than a conventional on-board network. Information is transmitted along one single path (hence "single-wire") as opposed to the conventional double-wire system. Apart from a wide range of functions, the main advantages of this in-tel-ligent combination of electrics and electronics are lighter wiring har-nesses, substantial resistance to interference, and a complete range of diag-nostic functions. A further point is that the system may be flexibly expanded by simple updates.
The basic principle of the Single-Wire System is to connect all control units, sensors, and power-consuming items via one single, common wire in order to form a complete network transmitting all signals regardless of their sub-se--quent function. In other words, all information is readily available at all times for all the components.
Signals are transmitted and assigned to the respective power-consuming item at junction points in the electronic system of each control unit. Here the signals, or data, are processed and then used to activate the functions desired in the respective component. This eliminates the need for elaborate cabling (required for each function operating through a separate wire) thus reducing potential effects and errors in a conventional on-board network using a large number of cables. This is an important factor in contributing to a system's high standard of reliability.
All control units are connected to one another and are able to commu-nicate directly and exchange data in a bi-directional mode. This allows simple and comprehensive diagnosis of the entire system from one central point - the electronics incorporate suitable programs in order to filter out unimportant data and interference signals within a defined tolerance. It therefore makes the system less sensitive to electromagnetic disturbance.
In all, the new R1200 GS comes in standard trim with three control units (including the cluster instruments). The control unit for the Digital Motor Electronics (BMS-K) is not only responsible for the engine management (already described) but also transmits all data to the central diagnostic system. Central Suspension Electronics (CSE) serves to mastermind the electrical units and functions not specific to the engine. And if the motorcycle is fitted with Integral ABS and an anti-theft warning system (as an option) the control units are also integrated into the network.
There is no need for conventional fuses on the on-board network; the electronic processor simply switches off the function in the event of a short circuit or malfunction. Subsequent diagnosis will quickly trace and remedy the defect. Because other func-tions are not affected, the network philosophy on the R1200 GS offers greater advantages in reliability and failsafe operation.
The control units also provide relay functions, only the starter is con-trolled via a conventional relay.
The electrical system on the R1200 GS is supplied with power by a lightweight alternator developing 600W at 40 amps. The maintenance-free battery has a capacity of 14Ah.
Electronic immobiliser for optimum security;
To ensure optimum security at all times, the R1200 GS is equipped with an elec-tronic immobiliser as standard. Controlled by a trans-ponder in the ignition key, the immobiliser offers the best in anti-theft security and main-tains the high standard already found in BMW cars.
As soon as the rider inserts the key and switches on the ignition, a chip inside the key communicates with the electronic immobiliser integrated in the Digital Motor Electronics via a ring aerial in the ignition lock. This allows the systems to exchange and compare coded chip data and the electronic immobiliser data. After confirming that the data and signals comply with one another, the engine control unit will release the ignition and fuel injection, allowing the rider to start the engine. This technology is the best and safest immobiliser system currently available worldwide.
New instrument cluster in digital technology;
The new on-board electronic system featured on the R1200 GS allows the introduction of a high-tech, extra-light instrument cluster - based completely on digital technology. Incorporating the speedometer, rev counter and the Info Flatscreen Display, the instrument cluster replaces the Rider Information Display, providing permanent information on oil tempera-ture, fuel level, the remaining fuel range, the time of day, and the gear currently engaged.
Both overall and trip mileage are presented on demand, and any inter-fer-ence or defects are shown on the screen as a printed message. The entire instrument unit is automatically illuminated as soon as the weather gets dark, with precise control by a photoelectric cell.
Electrical switches and controls are also new. While the basic arrangement of the switches and BMW's logic for operation of the direction indicators have both been retained, the switches are now even easier to use and reach, and are clearer with a more distinctive design.
Body and design - superior function combined with clear, distinctive shapes
Numerous motorcycle components are important to function and looks, much more so than on a car. The fuel tank, for example, is not just a container of fuel but a highly significant design feature crucial through its shape to the rider's seating position and the overall look of the motorcycle.
The same applies to the front fairing and screen, which not only protect the rider, but also - in conjunction with the headlight - gives the entire motorcycle its special "face". This characterises the look of the ma-chine and its front, side area. In its overall design and look, the R1200 GS stands for dynamism, agility and lightness combined with the robustness typical of an off-roader. Clearly structured and contoured surfaces interact to provide clear and harmonious lines and create a feeling of tension and excite-ment. Various surfaces finished in plastic, paint and aluminium are assigned to specific functions, combining elegance and value with the ruggedness rightly expected of an enduro.
All visible technical components are included in the design of the machine, the delicate structure and light character of the rear subframe being enhan-ced and accentuated by silver paintwork. The slightly curved, oval form of the Paralever swinging arm combines superior stiffness with a slender and dynamic look.
The colour scheme - aesthetic, individual and full of style;
The colour scheme offers a perfect blend of diversity and aesthetic style, setting unique accents in the process. The owner is able to freely combine the colour of the paintwork with that of the seat and side covers. In consequence, the choice is wide ranging.
The four basic colours are Ocean Blue Metallic, Rock Red and Desert Yellow Metallic and Granite Grey Metallic. Two seat colours (Light Grey and Black) as well as two different colours on the tank side cover (Granite Grey and Black) provide a total of 12 different combi-nations, each giving the motorcycle its own particular character.
Front fairing with adjustable windscreen;
Seen from the front, the fairing is a typically strik-ing and distinctive sign of character and gives the GS its particular identity. At the same time it serves as the air guide for the oil cool-er.
The all-new, asymmetric dual headlight unit with the low and high beams varying in diameter gives the GS its characteristic "face". At the same time the reflectors in free-form technology, as well as the clear glass cover, make it quite obvious that the entire headlight unit is new. The oval design of the reflectors is not only up-to-date but also enhances illumination of the road thanks to large light outlets.
The windshield adjusts to five different angles without requiring tools, offering riders of different size optimum protection from wind and weather. The two plastic side covers to the right and left of the tank detach easily by means of rapid catches.
Plastic tank with side covers;
The 20-litre fuel tank on the R1200 GS is made of special, extra-light and impact-proof plastic. Two side covers of thin aluminium, and a painted top cover, give the tank its special shape and look. Appropriately slender to-wards the rear, the tank offers good knee and leg support when riding off-road or whenever the rider is standing upright on the footrests.
The seat - ergonomic design with a greater seat height variability;
Maintaining BMW's usual standard, the new two-piece double seat offers the rider and passenger comfortable and ample space. The seat is not only available in two colours, Grey and Black, but also adjusts to two different heights for the rider - 840mm and 860mm (33.1in and 33.8in´). With a higher +30mm (1.18in) seat and lower - 30mm seat available as special equipment, the customer is able to choose from four different seat heights ranging from 810mm (31.9 in) to 890mm (35in´) thus benefiting from unprecedented variability and free-dom of choice.
In determining the ideal seat height and contour on the R1200 GS, BMW's engineers and designers have applied a new dimensional criterion: the rider's step length. Forming the entire distance between two resting points of the rider's feet (measured across the inner length of the legs) this criterion considers, not only the absolute geometric height of the rider's seat, but also its shape and width throughout the relevant area at the front. Even where geometric seat height is the same as on the former mo-del at 840mm (33.1in) and 860mm (33.8in) respectively, this new seat design significantly improves the rider's ground contact while keeping the bent knee angle (when riding) within comfortable limits.
Luggage rack and removable passenger seat - carefully conceived stowage options even for bulky luggage;
Made of stable but light plastic, the luggage rack on the R1200 GS is a new design and offers adequate storage space for additional luggage. This is easy to fasten and transport safely thanks to the incorporated lashing points. A further option is to fit a top box. The plastic cover beneath the removable passenger seat serves as a flat loading area at the same level as the top edges of the top box. Even after fitting the cases available, as special equipment, the rider has plenty of space for addition-al baggage. Once again, integrated lashing points are used for optimum security.
Ergonomic handlebar and hand grip design;
Made of thin-walled steel tubes, the strong and stylish handlebar easily copes with the heaviest loads and is tapered at each end. Weighing only slightly more than an aluminium handlebar, a steel unit is much less prone to damage should the machine fall on its side (for example, on off-road terrain) and allows emergency repairs. A further advantage of the steel handlebar is the lower thermal conductivity of steel, which retains heat when the machine is fitted with heated grips (available as an option).
The hand levers for operating the clutch and brakes have been optimised for perfect ergonomics and are adjustable. At the same time the diameter of the handles has been reduced to provide an even better grip.
Optional extras and special equipment - cases variable in size and a wide range of customisation features;
A complete systems supplier by tradition, BMW Motorrad has developed a wide range of customised extras and special equipment for the new R1200 GS. Optional extras are fitted directly at the Berlin factory during the production process. Special equipment is fitted by the BMW motorcycle dealership.
Higher seat for riders (+30mm/1.18in) versus standard seat - adjustable (max seat height 890mm/35.0in).
Lower seat for riders (-30mm/1.18in) versus standard seat - adjustable (lowest seat height 810mm/31.9in).
Cases variable in size by single-lever control.
Mounting plate for top box.
Inner bags for cases/topcase.
Watertight tank bag.
Small cylinder protection hoops.
Large cylinder protection hoops.
Anti-theft warning system (also available as an optional extra).
Additional power socket.
BMW Motorcycle Navigator II.
The cases and the top box are a new development. A unique feature is the sophisticated, single-lever control function for adjusting the capacity of the cases easily and conveniently: Both the cases and the top box may be varied in size by nine litres, allowing the rider to adjust the luggage system to suit individual space requirements. This also reduces the width of the cases and the height of the top box when taking less luggage.
The left-hand case (the muffler side) offers a maximum capacity of 37.5 litres, the right-hand case holds up to 46 litres. With the top box also offer-ing a capacity of 46 litres, maximum storage capacity totals almost 130 litres.
History of the GS Boxer;
The starting point in developing the GS in the late Seventies was BMW's support of various teams in off-road events such as the famous Six Days Trial. In-deed, off-road sports activities of this kind have a long tradition of association with BMW, extending all the way back to the Thirties when BMW Boxer motorcycles successfully entered the most challenging off-road events time and again.
The final touch came with BMW's victory in the German Off-road;
Championship in 1979. Some enthusiasts at BMW Motorrad GmbH, as BMW's Motorcycle Division was officially called at the time, advised management to develop a series machine for homologation based on the experience gained with competition models. Tests with the first prototypes were an immediate success, convincing BMW Motorrad to begin the series development process.
The world's first two-cylinder large enduro entered a market in 1980, which up to that time had consisted exclusively of single-cylinder models. Displacing 800cc and featuring a driveshaft and a single swinging arm, the R80 G/S was a genuine sensation. Indeed, the new machine opened up a brand-new, previously untapped segment - the segment of large capacity, all-round touring enduros.
The R80 G/S quickly became the ideal motorcycle for committed globe-trotters. Enthusiasts all over the world soon learned to appreciate the power and performance reserves, the long-distance comfort, and the often surpris-ing off-road qualities of BMW's touring enduro. On-road riding pleasure was ensured by the G/S's relatively high level of power, abundant torque (even at low engine speeds), superior riding stability and excel-lent handling.
BMW off-road machines participated in the long-distance Paris-Dakar Rally taking team riders all the way to Senegal in West Africa. On its third try in 1981 the Boxer, with its efficient engine cooling, a low centre of gravity and superior ease of maintenance (thanks to its driveshaft) finally made it to the top. French desert specialist Hubert Auriol won the rally's motorcycle category and repeated his success two years later in 1983.
Still based on series models as before, BMW's 1,000cc twin-cylinder machines also won the title in 1984 and 1985, with former World Motocross Cham-pion Gaston Rahier from Belgium leaving the competition far behind.
Launched in 1988, the R100 GS raised the outstanding qualities of BMW's off-roader to an even higher standard. Indeed, it was the largest enduro in the world at the time. With worldwide sales amounting to 69,000 units, the R80 G/S and R100 GS were huge successes on the global market.
Introduced in 1994, the GS models powered by a four-valve engine (new at the time) have become an even greater success. For example, the R1150 GS, introduced in autumn 1999 - and benefiting from the additional support of the R1150 GS Adventure since autumn 2002 - was once again the best-selling machine in Germany in 2003. And it almost goes without saying that the R1150 GS continued its success in 2003 by once again outselling all other motorcycles on the German market - by far.
Since 1980 BMW Motorrad has sold approximately 170,000 units of the GS Boxer to customers the world over.
Like its predecessor, the new R1200 GS with its "GS" (Gelände/Straße or off-road/road) designation, offers a wide range of qualities and practical values. Riding the R1200 GS on moderate terrain is easy and safe, and the experienced motorcyclist is also able to master very tough off-road condi-tions. On the road, the GS stands out through its impressive handl-ing ensured by the extremely stable and comfortable suspension system, and large power reserves. This also makes the unique machine ideal for dynamic riding on winding country roads and mountain passes. With its effective windscreen for protection, the R1200 GS rider can cover long stretches of motorway without experiencing undue wind pressure.
For practical riding purposes, the R1200 GS is vastly impressive as a long-distance road machine.
All GS models since 1980 at a glance
1980-1987 - R80 G/S, 797 cc ohv 37 kW (50 hp)
1988-1990 - R65 GS, 649 cc ohv 20 kW (27 hp)
1996 - R80 G/S, Basic 797 cc ohv 37 kW (50 hp)
1987-1996 - R100 GS, 980 cc ohv 44 kW (60 hp)
1987-1996 - R80 GS, 797 cc ohv 37 kW (50 hp)
1990-1995 - R100 GS, Paris-Dakar 980 cc ohv 44 kW (60 hp)
1993-1999 - R1100 GS, 1,085 cc hc 59 kW (80 hp)
1999-2000 - R850 GS, 848 cc hc 51 kW (70 hp) or 25 kW (34 hp)
1999-2003 - R1150 GS, 1,130 cc hc 63 kW (85 hp)
2002 - R1150 GS Adventure, 1,130 cc hc 63 kW (85 hp)
2004 - R1200 GS, 1,170 cc hc 74 kW (100 hp)
Standard Factory Equipment;
Integrated ignition and steering lock
One-key system for ignition, steering, tank, dual seat and helmet locks
Rear storage compartment for motorcycle toolkit and tyre service set
Centre stand, side stand with ignition circuit breaker
Clutch lever adjustable to three positions, brake lever to four
Exhaust system made completely of stainless steel
Divided dual seat, rider's section adjustable to two positions (840 - 860 mm)
Electric power socket
Hazard warning lights
Six-speed gear box with helical gear teeth
20-litre tank capacity
BUS Technology (SWS) on-board electrics
Flat info screen
BMSK engine management
Adjustable removable windshield
Twin spark ignition
Integral ABS (Sports switchable)
Left and right pannier fastenings
Factory fit options;
Chrome Exhaust Pipe - £75.00
Heated Grips - £195.00
White Indicator Lenses - £25.00
Anti-Theft Alarm System - £175.00
Integral ABS (Sports Switchable) - £795.00
Cross Spoke Wheels - £255.00
Riders Low Seat (OW 164 and 773) - No Cost
Prices current as of 1 January 2006.
Left and right panniers including mounting kits, locks and emblems
Inner bag for left pannier
Inner bag for right pannier
Anti-Theft Warning system
Specifications for BMW R1200 GS;
Capacity - 1,170 cc
Bore/stroke - 101/73 mm
Max output - 74/100 kW/hp at 7,000 rpm
Max torque - 115/85 Nm/lb-ft at 5,500 rpm
Configuration - Flat-twin
No of cyls - 2
Compression ratio/fuel grade - 11.0/premium
Valve/gas control - HC (high camshaft)
Valves per cylinder - 4
Intake/outlet dia - 36/31 mm
Fuel supply - BMS-K
Alternator - 600 W
Battery - 12V/14Ah maintenance-free
Headlight - H7 W
Starter - 1.1 kW
Clutch - Single-plate dry clutch, dia 180 mm
Gearbox - Six-speed manual
Primary transmission ratio - 1.823
Gear ratios - I; 2.277; II; 1.583, III; 1.259, IV; 1.033, V; 0.903, VI; 0.805
Final drive - Driveshaft
Transmission ratio - 2.28
Type of frame - Tubular spaceframe, engine load-bearing
Front wheel drive - BMW Telelever
Rear wheel drive - BMW Paralever
Clutch - Single-plate dry clutch, 180 mm dia
Type of frame - Tubular spaceframe, load-bearing engine
Suspension, front/rear - 190/200 mm
Castor - 110 mm
Wheelbase - 1,519 mm
Steering head angle - 62.9°
Brakes - front; Double disc brake, dia 305 mm, rear; Single disc brake, dia 265 mm. Optional BMW Integral ABS (partly integral)
Wheels - Cast, cross-spoke wheels as an option, front; 2.5 x 19, rear; 4.0 x 17
Tyres - front; 110/80 H 19 TL, rear; 150/70 H 17 TL
Dimensions and weights;
Length, overall - 2,210 mm
Width, overall, with mirrors - 915 mm
Handlebar width without mirrors - 871 mm
Seat height - 840/860 mm
Dry weight - 199 kg
Max permissible weight - 425 kg
Fuel tank - 20 ltr
Fuel consumption - 90 km/h; 4.3 ltr/100 km, 120 km/h; 5,5 ltr/100 km
Acceleration - 0-100 km/h; 3.4 sec
Top speed - 208 Km/h